Keywords: dogs, dental diseases, periodontopathy, gingivitis, tartar, dental caries.


An analysis of current information on the prevalence of dental pathology in dogs is presented. The frequency of detection of pathology of the organs of the oral cavity largely depends on methodical approaches to diagnosis: without general anesthesia it is within 20-25%, with the use of analgesia it reaches 80-100%. In many cases, the owner's assessment of the oral health of domestic companions was overestimated. With the exception of a high incidence rate in dwarf and small dogs, breed predisposition remains debatable. It has been proven that dogs after 4-5 years of age have a high risk of dental diseases and their course is more severe. Sexual predisposition to diseases of the teeth and gums has not been proven, although there are reports on the susceptibility of males of large breeds (up to 80%). According to the nosological profile, periodontal disease, dental plaque/calculus, caries, absence of teeth and their abnormal wear are most often diagnosed. In the structure of morbidity, 60-80% is periodontitis, 30-50% – tartar deposits, 20-30% – absence of teeth, 15-20% – gingivitis and caries, 3-10% – neoplasms. Malignant tumors predominate (up to 50%), compared to benign (up to 40%) and paraneoplastic lesions (up to 15%). The most relevant risk factors for the occurrence and progression of dental diseases in dogs: age (middle and older age groups), breed (dwarf and small), skull structure (brachycephalic), violation of the regime of maintenance and use, feeding with soft cooked food, absence or insufficient hygiene measures oral cavity, mechanical damage to the tissues of the jaws and teeth (as a result of injuries or bone feeding), pathogenic microbiota (biological factor of tooth tissue damage), diseases of the orthodontic profile (anomalies of tooth development and dental bite) and temporomandibular joint (osteoarthritis, fractures, dysplasia, ankylosis, dislocation, neoplasm). The severity of the course of periodontopathy correlates with diseases of the cardiovascular and excretory systems, in particular with kidney failure. The significant prevalence and multi-vector nature of etiological factors against the background of the lack of a single methodological approach to the verification of oral cavity pathology serves as the basis for the need for further research in the field of veterinary stomatology.


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How to Cite
Voloboieva, U. I., Bilyi, D. D., & Stotskyi, O. (2023). PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF DENTAL DISEASE IN DOGS (OVERVIEW). Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University. The Series: Veterinary Medicine, (3(62), 21-28.