Longevity of dairy cows depending on breeding methods

Keywords: Ukrainian Black-and-White milk, Holstein, conditional blood, lifetime productivity

Abstract

The duration and efficiency of lifelong productivity of cows of Ukrainian Black-and-White dairy breed of different blood by Holstein breed and purebred Holsteins of domestic selection of stud herd were studied. Within the genotypes, four experimental groups of crossbreed cows were formed, taking into account the conditional blood by Holstein breed: I group 3/4-blood; ІІ group - 7/8; III - 15/16; IV - 31/32. It was found that the best indicators of productive longevity were determined purebred Holsteins of domestic origin compared to crossbreds obtained by absorbing crosses with sires of Holstein breed. The longest lifetime (2633 days) and the largest number of lactations during life (5.2) were characterized by cows with a conditional share of Holstein heredity 3/4. When comparing purebred Holstein cows with domestic animals of groups I and II, the highly reliable difference in favor of hybrid cows in terms of lifetime was 378 and 289 days, respectively (P <0.001), and in terms of lactation - by 1.3 and 0.9 pieces (P <0.001). The growth of Holstein breed heredity did not lead to appropriate reduction of lifetime milk yield in the crossbreed animals. From the group of purebred Holstein cows with a share of Holstein blood 96.88% was obtained the highest lifetime yield (30327 kg) with the excess of cows group's of other genotypes by 1575-4615 kg of milk with a reliable difference compared to hybrid genotypes of groups I-III (P <0.001 ). With high reliability, purebred Holsteins were dominated by the corresponding crossbreed groups in the lifetime yield of milk fat, respectively, by 68.1-164.6 kg (P <0.001). The milk yield of purebred Holstein cows for one day of life amounted 13.4 kg with the superiority of other cows group's of hybrid genotypes by 1.2-3.6 kg with a high degree of reliability (P <0.001). A positive correlation has been determined between the share of Holstein heredity and lifespan, the number of used lactations, lifelong milk yield, milk fat and milk yield per day of life. The level of conditional blood share did not affect the fat content in milk. As the inheritance of the Holstein breed increased, the correlation dependence of longevity traits on the Holstein heredity decreased significantly.

References

1. Burkat V.P., Kostenko, O.I., and Holkin, M.M., 2000. Selektsiini dosiahnennia u tvarynnytstvi [Breeding achievements in animal husbandry]. K.: Agrarian Science, 34.
2. Vechorka, V.V., and Khmelnychyi, L.M., 2019. Henetychni chynnyky vplyvu na produktyvnist koriv ukrainskoi chorno-riaboi molochnoi porody [Genetic factors influence the productivity of cows Ukrainian Black-and-White dairy cattle]. Rozvedennia i henetyka tvaryn, issue 57, pp. 22-28.
3. Zubets, M. V., Burkat, V. P., Mel'nik, Yu. F. [et al]. ed. 2007. Zubtsa, M. V. and Burkata, V. P., Genetika, selektsiya i biotekhnologiya v skotovodstve [Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology in cattle breeding]. Kiev: „БМТ”.
4. Honcharenko, I.V., 2004. Tryvalist hospodars'koho vykorystannya molochnykh koriv yak oznaka selektsiyi [Duration of economic use of dairy cows as a sign of selection]. Visnyk ahrarnoyi nauky, issue 6, pp. 33–36.
5. Danylenko, V.P., and Rudyk, I.A., 2012. Do pytannya efektyvnosti vykorystannya molochnykh porid u hospodarstvi [To the question of efficiency use of dairy breeds in the husbandry]. Rozvedennya i henetyka tvaryn, issue 46, pp. 63–66.
6. Romanova, O.V., Priyma, S.V., Polupan, Yu. P.,and Basovsky, D.M., 2020. State Register of Breeding Entities in Animal Husbandry for 2019 [Derzhavnyi reiestr subʼiektiv pleminnoi spravy u tvarynnytstvi za 2019 rik]. In: S.V. Pryimy, ed. Vol. II., pp. 199. doi: http://animalbreedingcenter.org.ua/images/files/derjplemreestr/derjplemreestr_tom2_2019.pdf
(access date 02.03.2021).
7. Kalchuk, L.A., and Pelekhatyi, M.S., 2001. Zviazok molochnoi produktyvnosti z pokaznykamy vidtvornoi zdatnosti ta hospodarskoho vykorystannia u koriv chorno-riaboi porody [Relationship of dairy productivity with reproductive performance and economic use in Black-and-White breed]. Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten. Kharkiv, issue 80, pp. 64–67.
8. Klopenko N.I., and Stavetska, R.V., 2015. Henetychna determinatsiia hospodarskoho vykorystannia koriv molochnoho napriamu produktyvnosti za vbyrnoho skhreshchuvannia [Genetic determination of economic use cows of the dairy direction productivity for absorbing crossing]. Tekhnolohiia vyrobnytstva i pererobky produktsii tvarynnytstva: Zb. nauk. prats Bilotserk. nats. ahrar. un-t. Bila Tserkva, issue 1, pp. 23–28.
9. Basovskiy, N.Z., Burkat, V.P., Vlasov, V.I., and Kovalenko, V.P., 1994. Krupnomasshtabnaya selektsiya v zhivotnovodstve [Large-scale breeding in animal husbandry]. K. : Asotsіatsіya “Ukraїne”.
10. Mazur, N. P., Fedorovych, Ye. I. and Fedorovych, V. V., 2018. Produktyvne dovholittia molochnoi khudoby za riznykh metodiv rozvedennia [Productive longevity of dairy cattle by different breeding methods]. Rozvedennia i henetyka tvaryn, issue 55, pp. 102–112.
11. Merkur'eva, E.K., 1977. Geneticheskie osnovy selektsii v skotovodstve [Genetic principles of selective breeding in cattle breeding]. Moskva: Kolos.
12. Oblyvantsov, V.V., 2014. Efektyvnist rozvedennia sumskoho vnutriporodnoho typu ukrainskoi chorno-riaboi molochnoi porody velykoi rohatoi khudoby [Efficiency of breeding Sumy intrabreed type of Ukrainian Black-and-White dairy breed of cattle]. Visnyk Sumskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Seriia : Tvarynnytstvo, issue 2(2), pp. 58–63.
13. Pendiuk, A.R., Fedorovych, V.V., and Mazur, N.P., 2019. Fenotypovyi proiav oznak molochnoi produktyvnosti u koriv riznykh henotypiv ukrainskoi chorno-riaboi molochnoi porody [Phenotypic expression of traits milk production in cows of different genotypes Ukrainian Black-and-White dairy cattle]. Rozvedennia i henetyka tvaryn, issue 58, pp. 33–40.
14. Polupan, Yu. P., 2000. Efektyvnist dovichnoho vykorystannia chervonoi molochnoi khudoby [Efficiency of lifetime use of Red dairy cattle]. Rozvedennia i henetyka tvaryn, issue 33, pp. 97–105.
15. Polupan, Yu. P., 2014. Efektyvnist dovichnoho vykorystannia koriv riznykh krain selektsii [Effectiveness of cows lifetime use in different countries of selection]. Visnyk Sumskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Seriia : Tvarynnytstvo, issue 2/2 (25), pp. 14–20.
16. Polupan, Yu. P., 2010. Metodyka otsinky selektsiinoi efektyvnosti dovichnoho vykorystannia koriv molochnykh porid [Method of assessing the breeding efficiency of lifetime use cows of dairy breed]. In: Chubynske dedicated to the memory of UAAS Academician Valery Petrovich Burkat, Methodology of scientific research on breeding, genetics and biotechnology in animal husbandry, Proceedings of the International Conference, Chubynske, February 25, 2010. K.: Agrarna nauka, pp. 93–95.
17. Polupan, Yu.P., and Koval', T.P., 2011. Ranniy otbor korov po effektivnosti pozhiznennogo ispol'zovaniya [Early selection of cows on the effectiveness of lifetime use]. Zootekhniya, issue 6, pp. 4–5.
18. Pro zatverdzhennia Instruktsii z bonituvannia velykoi rohatoi khudoby molochnykh i molochno-miasnykh porid, Instruktsii z vedennia pleminnoho obliku v molochnomu i molochno-miasnomu skotarstvi ta zrazkiv form pleminnoho obliku v molochnomu i molochno-miasnomu skotarstvi. doi: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/z0095-04# Text (data zvernennia 02.03.2021).
19. Prokhorenko, P.N. 2008. Metody povysheniya geneticheskogo potentsiala produktivnosti i ego realizatsiya v molochnom skotovodstve [Methods to improve the genetic potential of productivity and its implementation in dairy farming]. Vestnik Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo Agrarnogo universiteta, issue 11(2), pp. 11–13.
20. Saksa, E.I., and Borsukova, O.E., 2010. Effektivnost inbridinga pri vyvedenii korov v vysokoproduktivnom stade [Efficiency of inbreeding during the breeding cows in a highly productive herd]. Zootekhniya, issue 2, pp. 2–4.
21. Salohub, A.M., 2019. Vplyv henotypovykh ta paratypovykh chynnykiv na oznaky molochnoi produktyvnosti koriv ukrainskoi chervono-riaboi molochnoi porody [Influence of genotypic and paratypical factors on dairy productivity trairs of cows of Ukrainian Red-and-White dairy breed]. Rozvedennia i henetyka tvaryn, issue 57, pp. 126–135.
22. Strekozov, N.I., and Sivkin, N.V., 2014. Produktivnoe dolgoletie korov pri golshtinizatsii cherno-pestrogo skota [Productive longevity of cows at the holsteinization Black-and-White cattle]. Genetika i razvedenie zhivotnykh, no. 2, pp. 11–16.
23. Ferents, L.V., Fedorovich, E.I., Fedorovich, V.V., and Siratskiy, I.S., 2009. Khozyaystvenno-biologicheskie osobennosti korov ukrainskoy cherno-pestroy molochnoy porody raznykh genotipov v usloviyakh Prikarpattya [Economic and biological features of cows of Ukrainian Black-and-White dairy breed of different genotypes in the conditions of Carpathians]. Tezisy dokladov Mezhd. nauchno-prakt. konf. posvyashchennoy 60-letiyu zootekhn. nauki Belarusi (15-16 oktyabrya 2009 g.) «Strategiya razvitiya zootekhnicheskoy nauki». Zhodino. pp. 162–163.
24. Burkat, V.P., Yefimenko, M.Ya., Khavruk, O.F., and Blyznychenko, V.B,. 1992. Formuvannya vnutriporodnykh typiv molochnoyi khudoby [The formation of intrabreed types of dairy cattle]. K. : Urozhay.
25. Khmelnychyi, L. M. and Bardash, D. O., 2019. Indicators longevity of cows Ukrainian Red-and-White dairy breed depending on the share of inheritance of Holstein breed [Pokaznyky dovholittia koriv ukrainskoi chervono-riaboi molochnoi porody zalezhno vid chastky spadkovosti holshtynskoi porody]. Visnyk Sumskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Seriia “Tvarynnytstvo”, issue 4(39), pp. 13–19. doi: https://doi.org/10.32845/bsnau.lvst.2019.4.2.
26. Khmelnychyi, L.M. and Vechorka, V.V., 2015. Pozhiznennaya produktivnost' i dlitel'nost' ispol'zovaniya korov ukrainskoy krasno-pestroy molochnoy porody raznykh genotipov [Lifetime productivity and duration of use cows Ukrainian Red-and-White dairy breed of different genotypes]. In: All-Russian Institute of Animal Husbandry named after L. K. Ernst, Ways to extend the productive life of dairy cows based on the optimization of breeding, keeping and feeding technologies, Proceedings of the International conference, Dubrovitsy, May 28-29, pp. 159–162.
27. Khmelnychyi, L.M., and Vechorka, V.V., 2010. Efektyvnist vnutrishnoliniinoho rozvedennia ta poiednuvanosti linii v selektsii holshtynskoi khudoby[Efficiency of intra-linear breeding and combining lines in Holstein cattle selection]. Visnyk Sumskoho NAU. Seriia “Tvarynnytstvo”, issue 12(18), pp. 149–153.
28. Khmelnychyi, L.M., and Salohub, A.M., 2012. Efektyvnist poiednannia henealohichnykh formuvan v selektsii molochnoi khudoby [The effectiveness of the combination of genealogical groups in breeding dairy cattle]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Podilskoho derzh. ahrarno-tekhnichnoho universytetu. Seriia “Tekhnolohiia vyrobnytstva i pererobky produktsii tvarynnytstva”, issue 20, pp. 285–287.
29. Madgwick P. A., Gaddard M. E. Genetics and phenotypics parameters of longervity in Australian dairy cattle. Dairy Sc. 1989. v. 72, № 10, P. 2624-2632.
30. Polupan Yu. P., Melnik Yu. F., Biriukova О. D. Influence of genetic factors on the productivity of cows. Animal Breeding and Genetics. 2019. № 58, P. 41-51.
31. Relationships of curly performance traits to lifetime profitability in Holstein cows. Kulak K. K., Dekkers I. C. M., McAllister A. J. [et al.]. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 1977. № 77, P. 617-624.
32. The influence of additive and nonadditive gene action on lifetime jillds and profitability of dairy cattle. McAallister A. J., Lee A. J., Batra В. [et al.]. J. Dairy Sci. 1994. № 8, P. 2400-2414.
33. Zarnseki A., Jamrozik J., Mroziec S. Wplejnej laktacji, wieku i sezonu ocielenia na uzytkowosc mleczna krow w obredie stad. Rock. nauk rol. B. 1991. № 3, Р. 251-268.
Published
2021-03-29
How to Cite
Khmelnychyi , S., Martynova , Y., Mykytiuk , P., Kryvchenko , T., Miadelets , V., & Naumenko , M. (2021). Longevity of dairy cows depending on breeding methods. Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University. The Series: Livestock, (1(44), 103-109. https://doi.org/10.32845/bsnau.lvst.2021.1.15