Keywords: cows, hygiene, disinfectants, preparation for milking, bacterial contamination, microbiota, somatic cells


One of the key procedures that affects the productivity and quality of milk is the preparation of cows for milking. Performing this work is of great importance, as it affects both the milk flow rate during milking and the quality of the product. The safety of milk directly depends on milking hygiene and the health of cows. Sanitary treatment of the udder is an effective preventive measure for most animals. Proper milking hygiene includes cleaning and disinfecting the udder, helps to avoid cow udder diseases, ensures the production of safe and high-quality milk, and thus contributes to ensuring food safety for consumers. Sanitation before milking was previously performed by washing the udder and teats with water, then using disinfectants. Modern requirements emphasize that teats must be disinfected and dried before milking. In dairy cattle, teat disinfection is usually used at the end of milking to limit the colonization of milk by pathogenic microorganisms through the teat canal. The choice of antiseptic for udder care should be based on proven efficacy, which is necessary for registration of the product as a veterinary medicinal product. The purpose of selecting the appropriate antiseptic is to provide effective protection of the cow’s udder against bacterial infections. Sanitation of the mammary gland should provide not only an antiseptic effect, but also maintain the health of the mammary gland. Ensuring optimal conditions for dairy products involves maintaining hygiene, preventing cow udder diseases and maintaining milk quality. Preparations used after milking can irritate the skin of the teat and unbalance its microbial population. Therefore, choosing an antiseptic should take into account not only the effectiveness in killing bacteria, but also the ability to preserve and improve the condition of the mammary glands. The active ingredient, which is most often included in products for the hygienic treatment of milking cows before milking, is iodine, chlorhexidine, lactic acid, glycolic acid. Many researchers emphasize following a proper milking protocol. Disinfection of teats before and after milking is a common mastitis prevention practice as part of a mastitis control program in dairy herds.


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Zazharska N. V., Graduate
How to Cite
Zazharska, N. V., & Biben, I. A. (2023). MEANS FOR PRE-MILKING AND POST-MILKING PROCESSING OF COW UDDERS. Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University. The Series: Veterinary Medicine, (4(63), 43-50.