The influence of milk production technology on its quality and safety
In the article, the authors have studied a significant amount of literature related to milk production technology. Under modern conditions of milk production there is a necessary need to study a set of preventive measures. Which would allow to make full use of genetic potential of animals and at the same time to keep health and to receive qualitative and safe production from them. At present, there is a large amount of technological news, which is aimed at obtaining the highest productivity at the lowest cost. The use of industrial technologies often does not take into account the natural needs of animals, which are scientifically sound to meet a certain physiological group. The authors conducted a parallel study of three milk production technologies with different systems of keeping cows. The article presents data on the sanitary and hygienic condition of the farm in milk production using traditional and the latest technology. In this work, studies of the microclimate in the premises for cows and its impact on the quality and safety of milk were conducted. Our research has shown that the quality and safety of milk directly depends on the technology of its production. With the use of the latest milk production technology, the number of somatic cells and total milk contamination did not exceed 221.1 thousand / cm3 and 70.8 CFU thousand / cm3, respectively. However, it was found that with the use of the latest technology of milk production in the winter time, the room temperature can drop to -10 0C, but this does not lead to an increase in mastitis and respiratory diseases. The incidence of mastitis in cows does not exceed 6.4 percent, which is one of the best indicators.
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