Electrochemically activated solutions in beekeeping
The article studies in detail the disease of the mixed form of infectious diseases of honey bee brood. The characteristics of pathogens, features of diagnostics and control of this disease of honey bees are indicated. When conducting epizootic monitoring of bee diseases encountered in surveyed apiaries, it was found that a large percentage of mycosis lesions is associated with the weakening of bee families resulting from adverse weather conditions and insufficient feed base (50-68.3 %). It was further complicated by the process of varrosy invasion, which occurred in all surveyed apiaries with an invasion intensity of more than 4%. In studying the effect of weather conditions on the epizootic process, a peculiarity of the course of infectious breeding diseases in the bee family was established. It was characterized by the onset of symptoms of ascospherosis (solid chalky pieces in the cell and at the bottom of the hive) during periods of adverse weather (cold, prolonged rain). Symptoms of ascospherosis appeared not only in healthy families but also in families undergoing treatment. During the laboratory examination of dead larvae, cultures of different pathogens were isolated. A study of the contamination of cellular honey, which was selected from sick and conditionally healthy bee families, indicated that Ascosphaera apis culture was more commonly isolated and 100% contaminated. We also calculated the epizootic index of infectious diseases of bees that were found on the apiaries surveyed. Ascospherosis was found to be the longest recorded in comparison with other infectious diseases and the epizootic index was accordingly higher. And the development of European foulbroods, other types of rot and aspergillosis occurred against the background of bee ascospherosis. In a study of intestinal toxic effects of active sodium hypochlorite at concentrations of 0.7%, 0.5% and 0.25% a.d., it was found that the drug did not cause bee death within 72 hours after feeding in any group of bees. Active sodium hypochlorite effectively decontaminates test objects at a concentration of 2.5 g / l for two hours. When using cells from sick families, the concentration of 5.0 g / l was effective.
2. Holovko V. O., Rudenko Je. V., Zlotin O. Z., Kyryсenko I. O. (2005). Chvoroby ta skidnyky svijsʹkych komach [Diseases and pests of domestic insects], Charkiv,. 354 p. (in Ukrainian)
3. Kisternaya O.S., Musienko A.V. (2013) Preparat PDE kak nepryamoy faktor korrektsii patogeneza zabolevaniy medonosnykh pchel [The drug PDE as an indirect factor in the correction of the pathogenesis of honeybee diseases.], YOUTH AND INNOVATION - 2013. Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference of Young Scientists (Gorki, May 29–31, 2013). № 3, pp. 209–211. (in Russian)
4. Klochko R. T., Luchanskiy S. N. (2011). Veterinarno-sanitarnyie meropriyatiya na pasekah [Veterinary-sanitary measures in apiaries], Pchelovodstvo, № 1, pp. 26–29. (in Russian)
5. Luchko M. A., Sotnikov A. N. (2012), Bolezni rasploda pchel [Diseases of brood bees], Veterinariya, № 6, pp. 9–14. (in Russian)
6. Masliy I.G., Nemkova SM, Stupak L.P., Desyatnikova O.V. (2015). Monitorynh khvorob bdzhil v Ukrayini. [Monitoring of diseases of bees in Ukraine], Veterinary medicine: mіzh-vіd. the subject. sciences. st., № 101, pp. 116–121. (in Ukrainian)
7. Musienko O. V., Musienko V. M., Kysterna O. S. (2010). Parazytotsenoz bdzholynoyi simʺyi. [Parasitocenosis of the bee family], Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University, № 3 (26), pp. 103–108. (in Ukrainian)
8. Tuktarov V. R., Suyundukova G. Ya. (2012). Issledovanie bakteritsidnogo vozdeystviya novyih preparatov na vozbuditeley evropeyskogo gniltsa [Study of the bactericidal effect of new drugs on the pathogens of European foulbroods], Agrarnaya nauka, № 1, pp. 27–28. (in Russian)
9. Haritonova N.N. (2012). Vliyanie razlichnyih faktorov na ustoychivost pchel k zabolevaniyam [Influence of various factors on the resistance of bees to diseases], Pchelovodstvo, № 4, pp. 24–27. (in Russian)
10. Chupahina O.K. (2012), Letnie zabolevaniya pchel [Summer diseases of bees], Pchelovodstvo, № 7, pp. 25–26. (in Russian)
11. Buczek K. (2011), “Range of susceptibility of Paenibacillus larvae to antibacterial compounds”, Med.weter., Vol.67, № 2, pp. 87–90.
12. Kokkinis M., Liakos V. (2004) “Population dynamics of Varroa destructor in colonies of Apis mellifera macedonica in Greece”, Apidologie, №43 (4), pp. 150–154. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00218839.2004.11101127
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.